There is a strong sense that social media have fundamentally altered the way political movements happen. Yet, social media is hardly the reason for recent developments in Iran, Tunesia or Egypt. Evgeny Morozow speaks of a „Netdelusion“, claiming that cyber-utopians subscribe to the over-optimistic idea that social media are the cause for a further democratization of the world. My presentation will engage with recent examples of mobilisation and resistance in order to show, how and why power of the people emerges around the world and what role social media plays. Networked technologies are neither neutral nor determined, what they can do depends on what we do with them. I will explore what can be learned for political action and, possibly, about the kind of political change to expect from a point of view informed by political theory.